1. Schengen Visa System
Table for establishing
the means of subsistence required for admission to Italy.
21 types of entry Visas.
On 26 October 1997 Italy joined the Schengen system at the end of a
gradual process of adjusting to the common visa regime provided by the
Convention Implementing the Schengen Agreement.
While strengthening the common external border, there was a parallel
and gradual removal of internal border controls, giving total freedom
of movement within all the territories of the Schengen agreement signatory
states: the establishment of what has become known as the Schengen Area.
1.2. Relevant legislation
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which has the statutory powers over
the admission of aliens, issued the "Inter-Departmental Decree on visas
on 12 July 2000, pursuant to section 5(c)(3) of Presidential Decree
394/1999 (published in the Official Gazette No 178 of 1.8.2000), completing
the national corpus of legislative sources governing this subject matter,
- Law 189 of 30 July 2002, enacting "Amendments to immigration and
- Consolidated Act enacting "Provisions governing immigration and
alien status" - Legislative Decree 286 of 25.7.1998.
- Regulation implementing the Consolidated Act - Presidential Decree
394 of 31.8.1999
- Ministry of Home Affairs Directive of 1.3.2000 "Defining the means
of subsistence for the admission and stay of aliens on Italian territory"
(Official Gazette No 64 of 17.3.2000).
The sources of law governing the Schengen
- The Schengen Agreement of 14.6.1985 between Belgium, France, Germany,
Luxembourg and The Netherlands;
- The Convention Implementing the Schengen Agreement of 19.6.1990;
- The Italian Accession Agreements, done in Paris on 27.11.1990;
- Ratification and Implementation Act, Law 388 of 30.9.1993 (Official
Gazette No 232 of 2.10.1993);
- Common Consular Instruction (CCI) adopted by the Schengen Executive
Committee in Paris on 14.12.1993 and amended most recently on 16.12.1998.
- Regolamento del Consiglio n. 539 del 15.3.2001 che determina la
lista degli Stati i cui cittadini sono soggetti ad obbligo di visto;
- Regulation (EC) 539/2001 listing the third countries whose nationals
must be in possession of visas when crossing the external borders.Council
Regulation (EC) 1091/2001 of 28 May 2001 on freedom of movement with
a long-stay visa.
The "Schengen Area"
the national territories of the countries that already apply the Convention:
Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg,
The Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Iceland and Norway.
The external border
is the perimeter of the Schengen area which aliens may enter using the
border crossing points: and means the Schengen Area Parties' land and
sea borders and their airports and sea ports, provided that they are not
are the common land borders of the Schengen Area Parties, their airports
for internal flights and their sea ports for regular - passenger - connections
exclusively from or to other ports within the territories of the Schengen
of all the countries of the European Union and the European Economic Area:
Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland,
Ireland, Italy, Lichtenstein, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Norway, Portugal,
Spain, Sweden, and United Kingdom.
of any other State.
1.3. Entry of aliens
Admission to Italian territory through the external borders of the
Schengen Area is only permitted to aliens who:
a. seek entry through a border crossing point;
b. are in possession of a valid passport or equivalent recognised travel
document permitting them to cross the border;
c. are in possession of documents substantiating the purpose and the
conditions of the planned visit and have sufficient means of support,
both for the period of the planned visit and to return to their country
of origin (or to travel in transit to a Third State). An alien who already
holds a residence permit issued by one of the Contracting Parties is
exempted from this requirement.
d. are in possession of a valid entry or transit visa, if required;
e. have not been prohibited to enter through an alert in the Schengen
f. are not considered to be a threat to public policy, national security
or the international relations of any of the Contracting Parties, under
Italian law or the law of another Schengen State.
If any one of the aforementioned conditions are not met, the alien may
be denied entry by the border authorities even if in possession of a valid
entry or transit visa.
1.4. Passports and
equivalent travel documents
To enter, stay in or transit through the whole of the Schengen area,
aliens must be in possession of a passport or another travel document
recognized as valid for the purposes of crossing the borders by all
the Schengen States.
To enter, stay in or transit through Italy, aliens must be in possession
of a passport or another travel document recognised as valid by the
Travel documents shall be considered valid if, "in addition to meeting
the conditions provided I articles 13 and 14 of the Convention implementing
the Schengen Agreement, they duly certified the identity of the holder
and the holder's nationality or citizenship".
In the event that a visa is required, article 13 of the Convention provides
- No visa shall be apposed on a travel document that has expired.
- The period of validity of a travel document must be greater than
that of the visa. The expiry date of the validity must be more than
three months from the date of the visa.
A foreign national holding a travel document which is not recognised by
Italy may be issued with a laissez-passer by an Italian diplomatic mission
or consulate which is only valid for Italy, and will not permit transit
through the territory of the other Schengen States.
The following travel documents are considered valid to cross the borders
and for the issue of a visa:
- Passport. This is the internationally recognized document entitling
the holder to travel from one country to another. It may be:
- diplomatic passport, a service (or official or special or public
affairs) passport, or an ordinary passport;
- a personal (which may also include the spouse and/or children) or
a group passport (for groups of not less than five and not more than
50 people, all having the same nationality, and all travelling together
and for the same purpose, normally as tourists, all entering, staying
in and leaving together the Schengen Area; each member of the group
must also hold a personal identity document, complete with photograph).
Other travel documents equivalent to a passport are:
- a travel document for stateless persons, governed
by the "Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons" signed
in New York on 28.9.1954. Stateless persons must obtain a visa for
Italy unless they already hold a residence permit to stay in one of
the Schengen countries;
- a travel document for refugees, governed by the
"Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees", signed in Geneva
on 28.7.1951. Refugees must obtain a visa unless they already hold
a residence permit to stay in one of the Schengen countries or a travel
document issued by one of the signatory States of the Strasbourg Agreement
- a travel document for aliens who are prevented
from obtaining a valid travel document from the authorities of the
country of which they are nationals: these documents are subject to
the same visa requirements which apply to nationals of their home
- the Seafarer's identity document issued to seafarers
to exercise their profession. It is recognised as a valid travel document
to enter the Schengen Area only in relation to the Seafarer's professional
requirements, and not for any other reason. Italy recognises the Seafarer's
identity documents issued by EU countries and the EEA countries signatories
to the International Labour Convention No 108 (Geneva, 13.5.1958)
and by those with which Italy has concluded specific bilateral agreements;
- the general Declaration, issued to pilots and crew
of Civil Aviation companies for flight duty, in conformity with the
"Convention on Civil Aviation" signed in Montreal on 7.12.1944. This
document is exempt from visa requirements in the signatory countries
of the Chicago Convention of 25.3.1949 or under reciprocity agreements,
provided that the entry is work-related;
- a United Nations laissez-passer, issued by the
United Nations Secretariat to United Nations personnel and that of
its related agencies, in conformity with the "Convention on the Privileges
and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies" adopted by the UN General
Assembly in New York on 21.11.1947. This document is subject to the
visa provisions in force in the country of which the person in question
is a citizen;
- an individual or collective movement order issued by NATO
Headquarters to the military or civilian personnel and their dependents
(spouse and children) who are posted to serve in a NATO member country,
in conformity with the "Agreement between the Parties to the North
Atlantic Treaty" signed in London on 19.6.51 and ratified by Italy
with Law no. 1335 of 30.11.1955. The members of a NATO force (but
not the accompanying civilians, or dependent family members) are exempt
from the visa requirement;
- an identity card in the case of nationals of EU member stateswhich
is valid for foreign travel for work purposes. It is exempt from the
- an identity card (and other documents) identifying
citizens of the signatory States of the "European Agreement on the
Abolition of Passports" (signed in Paris on 13.12.1957), valid for
the purposes of tourism in any one of the States for a period of not
more than three months. It is exempt from the visa requirement;
- a list of participants in school trips within the EU,
issued to students from third countries resident in an EU state in
conformity with the "Joint Action" of the Council adopted by the European
Union on 30.11.1994. This document is exempt from visa requirements.
- a pass, replacing a passport and used, issued to
a person who does not hold a regular travel document authorising the
holder to travel in all the Schengen States, or only within Italy.
This document is subject to the visa provisions in force in the country
of which the person in question is a citizen;
- clearance papers or border permits granted to citizens
resident in border areas, for transit across the border itself and
circulation in the corresponding areas of neighbouring States. This
document is exempt from visa requirements.
of means of subsistence
An alien wishing to enter Italian territory or the Schengen Area must
have sufficient financial resources available to guarantee maintenance
throughout the planned visit. The availability of means of subsistence
is therefore an essential condition for the entry of an alien into the
Schengen Area (Common Consular Instruction).
On 1.3.2000 the Ministry of Home Affairs, (pursuant to section 4(c)(3)
of the Consolidated Act no. 286 pf 25 July 1998), issued an Order, "Directive
defining means of subsistence for the admission and stay of aliens within
Italian territory" (published in the Official Gazzette No 64 on 17.3.2000).
This Order requires foreign nationals to demonstrate that they possess
means of subsistence by showing liquid cash, bank guarantees, insurance
policy guarantees or equivalent credit instruments, vouchers for prepaid
services or other documents demonstrating access to sources of income
Except where otherwise provided by the instruments mentioned above,
the alien must indicate the existence of appropriate accommodation within
Italy and the availability of funds for repatriation, which may also
take the form of a prepaid return travel ticket.
The need to provide evidence of means of subsistence in the amount required
is not only a fundamental condition for the issue of certain types of
visas, but is also required at the moment the alien enters Italian territory.
No visas can be issued in the event of failure to produce evidence of
means of subsistence or, in the event that such evidence cannot be produced
to the Border Police, the alien will be formally turned away from the
Table for establishing
the means of subsistence required for admission to Italy.
(for business, medical treatment - and an accompanying person in this
case - sports competition, or for religious reasons, for transit, transport
|Length of stay
||Two or more members
|1-5 days: overall fixed amount
|6-10 days: per persons/day
|11-20 days: overall fixed amount
|Daily amount per person
|Above 20 days: fixed amount:
|Daily amount per person
2. The Schengen
and group visas. Issuing authority
A visa, which comprises a special "stamp" (or "sticker") affixed to
the applicant's passport or other valid travel document, is an authorisation
granted to an alien to enter the territory of the Italian Republic or
that of the other Contracting Parties for transit or visit purposes.
It is issued on the basis of criteria related to the preservation of
good international relations and to the protection of national security
and public order.
As a rule, aliens do not have a "right" to be granted a visa, but at
most a "legitimate interest". The aforementioned Consolidated Act, Law
286/1998, introduced the principle that "written reasons shall be issued
when an application for an entry or re-entry visa is rejected, and served
on the applicant together with instructions for appealing against the
decision, and with a translation in the language which the applicant
understands, or otherwise in English, French, Spanish or Arabic" (section
Authority to issue visas for entry to the Italian Republic is vested
in the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and its network of accredited
diplomatic and consular officers, which are responsible for ascertaining
that applicants are in possession of the requisites entitling them to
obtain a visa, which is issued by the diplomatic or consular mission
with territorial jurisdiction over the place of residence of the alien
Where it is not possible to identify the main destination, when there
are several stages in the journey, the visa shall be issued by the diplomatic
mission of the Schengen State of entry.
The authority for the issue of the Uniform Schengen Visa (long stay)
is the diplomatic mission of the Schengen State present locally which
is intended to be the sole or main destination.
The authority for the issue of a National Visa (long stay) is the diplomatic
mission of the Schengen State present locally which is intended to be
the long-stay destination.
If the Contracting Party competent to grant the visa does not have
a Mission in the alien's country of residence the Uniform Schengen Visa
can be issued by the Mission of another Contracting Party on its behalf.
National Visas May not, however, be issued by delegated authority.
The possession of a visa does not give an alien automatic right of entry
to Italy, because the border authorities may always refuse entry to an
alien who is not in possession of adequate means of subsistence or is
unable to provide full details regarding the circumstances of the stay
in Italy, or for reasons of security or public policy.
N.B.: No visas (and no extension to previously issued visas) may be granted
to aliens who are already on Italian territory.
Only in exceptional and urgent cases may the border authorities issue
a transit or short stay visa.
"Border permits" are issued on entry to Italy by the border authorities
on the basis of an internationally accepted procedure to enable aliens
for whom a visas is required, and are not in possession of one, and
to stay overnight or a short stay in areas adjacent to certain airports
("city visit permit" for a maximum of 48 hours) or to visit, during
the day time only, the urban areas in the vicinity of ports, including
places of major tourist interest ("permit for sailors and cruise passengers").
Under the Convention, visas issued by our diplomatic missions and consulates
permit access to Italy and to the other Schengen States for the purposes
of transit or short visits (up to 90 days) and in this case are known
as "Schengen Visas" (USV).
Similarly, a USV issued by diplomatic missions and consulates of other
Schengen States permit access to Italy.
The long stay entry visa (more than 90 days) only gives access to the
state that issues the visa, and the possibility of transit through other
Schengen countries to enter that country, in which case it is known
as are "National Visa" (NV).
All aliens who enter Italy legally, including those who are not required
to hold a visa, must comply with the rules governing the stay of aliens
in Italy, and are required to report their presence on Italian territory
to the local Central Police Station ('Questura') of the province in
which they are staying within 8 working days from the date of entry,
and apply for a residence permit ('permesso di soggiorno') pursuant
to article 5 of Law 286/1998. Aliens requesting this residence permit
are required to be fingerprinted.
It is this residence permit ('permesso di soggiorno') alone, which is
issued for the reason and for the period indicated on the visa, which
authorises an alien to stay in Italy.
Under Schengen rules, the residence permit issued by the Questura police
authorities (or the diplomatic or service identity card issued by the
Ministry of Foreign Affairs) to holders of a long-stay visa, permits
aliens, unless express limitations are imposed, to enter and leave the
Schengen area and travel freely for a period of not more than 90 days
in any 6-month period within territories of the other Contracting States,
provided that they hold a currently valid national passport or equivalent
travel document. Nevertheless, all aliens are required to report their
presence to the police authorities in the territory of any other Schengen
states within 3 working days of entry
2.3. List of countries
whose citizens are subject to the visa obligation
In view of the need to gradually harmonize the different national visa
policies, the European authorities have adopted various measures including
the Council Regulation 539 of 15.3.2001 containing the list of countries
whose nationals are subject to the visa requirement.
Nationals bearing ordinary passports of the following countries are
subject to visa obligations:
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Armenia,
Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belorus, Belize,
Benin, Bhutan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso,
Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central Africa, Chad, China,
Colombia, Comoro Islands, Congo, Congo (Democratic Republic), Cфte d'Ivoire,
Cuba, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican (Republic), East Timor, Ecuador,
Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, The Gambia,
Georgia, Ghana, Granada, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India,
Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan,
Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Macedonia
(the Former Yugoslav Republic of), Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, Mali,
Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Micronesia, Moldova, Mongolia,
Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria,
North Korea, Northern Marianas, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Papua-New Guinea,
Peru, the Philippines, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and
Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon, Sao Tome
and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia,
South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan,
Taiwan, (non-recognized territorial entity), Tanzania, Thailand, Togo,
Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda,
Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Western
Samoa, Yemen, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia-Montenegro), Zambia,
Nationals of the following countries do not require a visa for visits
up to a maximum of 90 days, for tourism, on missions, business, invitations
ought to take part in sports events:
Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Bolivia, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Canada,
Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus*, Czech Republic*, El Salvador, Estonia*,
Guatemala, Honduras, Hungary*, Israel, Japan, Latvia*, Lithuania*, Malaysia,
Malta*, Mexico, Monaco, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Poland*,
Romania, Slovakia*, Slovenia*, South Korea, Singapore, United States,
Uruguay, Venezuela. (*) beginning on 1 May 2004, the date on which it
joins the EU, the citizens of the country will be exempt from any visa
Nationals of San Marino, the Holy See and Switzerland do not require a
visas in any case.
The citizens of the following countries are subject to visa obligation
for transit through Italy::
Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea*, Ethiopia,
Ghana, Iran, Iraq, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal**, Somalia and Sri Lanka.
(*) exempt from obligation if the passenger holds a valid visa or residence
permit from one of the EU Member States or one of the Parties to the
European Economic Area Agreement of 2 May 1992, from Canada, Switzerland
or the United States.
(**) exempt from obligation if the passenger holds a valid visa or
residence permit from one of the Member States of the European Economic
Area, Canada, or the United States of America.
For long stays (above 90 days) for whatever purpose all aliens are required
to hold a visa, even if they are nationals of countries which do not require
transit or short-stay visas.
2.4. Visa types
Visas may be individual - issued to an individual applicant and apposed
to an individual passport - or group visas - issued to a group of aliens,
all having the same nationality of the passport-issuing country, and
provided that the document is expressly and formally recognised by Italy.
Group visas cannot exceed 30 days.
Visas are divided into three main categories:
1. Uniform Schengen Visas (USV): valid for
all the Contracting Parties' territories; they may be
- airport transit visas (type A),
- transit visas (type B),
- short-stay or travel visas (type C), valid for up to 90 days, for
single or multiple entry.
Exceptionally, the Schengen regulation enables important or well-known
persons who frequently require a visa and who can provide the necessary
guarantees, to be issued with C-type visas which permit a visit of up
to 90 days in any half-year and are valid for one (C1), two (C2), three
(C3) or five years (C5).
2. 2. Limited Territorial Validity visas (LTV): these are only
valid for the Schengen State whose representative issued the visa (or
in particular cases for other Schengen states where specifically named)
without any possibility of access to or transit through the territory
of any other Schengen States. They are issued solely for humanitarian
reasons, or in the national interest, or under international obligations
as an exception to the common USV system. An alien may not directly
apply for these visas, which are issued in a few specific cases by the
diplomatic or consular representative when it deems it appropriate to
issue the visa for the reasons as stated even though not all the conditions
are met for the issue of a Uniform Schengen Visa, or when the applicant
does not hold a validly recognised travel document, in particular emergencies
or in case of need.
3. Long stay or "national" (NV) to Visas, which are only valid for
visits that are longer than 90 days (type D), with one or more entries,
in the territory of the Schengen State whose diplomatic representative
issued the visa, and to transit through the territory of other Schengen
States for a period of not more than five days.
4. Long stay or "national"
visas which also have the value of short-term visas.
Visa applications must be in writing, giving all the details required
on the special visa application form which must be signed by the applicant,
and accompanied by one passport-size photograph. As a rule, aliens applying
for visas must visit the diplomatic or consular offices in person to
be interviewed on the reasons and circumstances of the visit. Applications
must be accompanied by a valid travel document on which it is materially
possible to appose the visa, together with any supporting documents
that may be required. This documentation, depending on the type of visa
requested or which the Mission deems it can issue, must necessarily
- the purpose of the visit
- means of transport and for the return journey
- means of support during the journey and stay
- accommodation arrangements.
Once the visa application is accepted on the basis of the documentation
produced by the applicant and the results of the interview, which is normally
conducted directly and personally, the Diplomatic Mission carries out
the statutory preliminary security checks. This involves line accessing
the SIS (Schengen Information System) through the "world visa network",
to consult the list of aliens to be refused admission into the Schengen
The deadlines for issuing an entry visa are set out in section 5 (8)
of Presidential Decree 394 of 31.8.1999, which states that the diplomatic/consular
mission, "after ascertaining that the application can be entertained,
and after conducting the necessary investigations in relation to the
visa, including the preventive security checks, shall issue the visa
within 90 days of the date of application" (30 days for paid employment,
120 days for self-employment).
Pursuant to article 6(2) and (3) of Ministerial Decree 171 of 3 March
1997, these deadlines may be exceeded whenever it is necessary to carry
out investigations or acquire information, documents and opinions from
Any cases of forged documents produced by foreign nationals for the
purposes of obtaining an entry visa shall always been reported to the
Italian judicial authorities by the diplomatic or consular mission (article
331 of the code of criminal procedure). This applies both to the forgery
of Italian documents and documents of foreign origin that are in any
way used in support of a visa application.
In the event that the diplomatic/consular authorities are acquainted
with any fact, situation or condition that would have prevented the
grant of an entry visa that has already in granted, they must issue
a formal REVOCATION measure.
2.5. The 21 Types
of Entry Visas.
The Interdepartmental Degree of 12.7.2000 introduced 20 different types
of entry visa, as well as the requirements and the conditions for granting
adoption, business, medical treatment, diplomatic, accompanying dependent,
sports competitions, invitation, self-employment, made employment, mission,
religious grounds, re-entry, choice of residence, family reunion, study,
airport transit, transit, transport, tourism, working holidays, job-seeking
- permits entry for an alien to spend a long stay for an indefinite
period with adoptive parents, when an adoption authorisation has been
issued by the alien's national authorities;
- personal authorisation issued by the Commission for International
Adoptions (Law 476 of 31.12.1998)
- permits entry to an alien wishing to enter the Schengen Area on
business, to make contacts or conduct negotiations, to learn or ascertain
the use and operation of capital goods purchased or sold under industrial
cooperation or commercial contracts;
- documentation attesting to the business status of the applicant;
- documentation attesting to the specific business purposes of the
visit; documentation of the inviting company; means of subsistence;
travel ticket; availability of accommodation.
treatment (Schengen / National)
- permits entry for a short of long stay, but always for a definite
period, to an alien requiring medical treatment at public or licensed
private Italian health care facilities. It may also be issued to an
accompanying person assisting the sick alien, provided that such person
has adequate means of subsistence;
- declaration from the chosen medical facility, stating the type of
treatment, the starting date, the length of treatment and the likely
cost; a certificate from the medical facility confirming that at least
40% of the total treatment cost has been paid in advance; sufficient
resources to pay the balance of the treatment costs; a travel ticket.
Authorisation from the Ministry of Health, or a specific Regional
Government Resolution, in the case of treatment to be received within
the framework of Authorised Humanitarian Action Programmes.
- issued to an alien holding a diplomatic or service passport to serve
at their country's diplomatic/consular missions in Italy or to the
Holy See, for the purposes of accreditation or notification. It is
also issued to close family members;
- an official request submitted with a Note Verbale by the alien's
Ministry of Foreign Affairs or Diplomatic/Consular Mission having
family members (National)
- permits entry by an alien intending to accompany to Italy a relative
who is an Italian national, or a national of a European Union country,
or of a country signatory to the Agreement on the European Economic
Area, or a relative who, while being an alien, holds a visa for paid
employment, self-employment, study or religious purposes for a period
of not less than one year, for the purposes of a long stay, according
to the conditions set forth in Sections 28 and 29 of the Consolidated
Act, Law 286/1998;
- the alien may request a visa for family members as indicated in
Section 29 of Law 286/1998 by exhibiting the "Nulla Osta per Familiare
al Seguito" (Clearance for the Entry of an Accompanying Family Member)
issued by the "Questura" (central police station) having jurisdiction
over the territory. This "Nulla Osta" is not required from the "Questura"
for the purposes of granting entry to a non-Italian relative of an
Italian national (EU or EEA). The "Questura" is responsible for ascertaining
that the person concerned qualifies for entry, by issuing a declaration
to this effect.
- permits entry for a short term stay to aliens who are intending
to take part in sports events.
- the Italian Olympic Committee or the Sports Federation concerned
shall submit the application in the case of recognised sports; in
all other cases, the applicant must meet all the requisite conditions
for the issue of a tourist visa.
- permits an alien to enter the Schengen Area for a short-term stay.
The invitation is issued by public or private, but well-known, organisations,
institutions or agencies, for the purpose of attending specific or
important political, scientific or cultural events, with the accommodation
expenses paid by the inviting entity. An alien may also be issued
with it by the Italian Judicial Authorities if they wish to summon
the person concerned;
- a formal invitation from the inviting Institution, undertaking responsibility
for the alien's accommodation expenses; a travel ticket; and the writ
of summons issued by the Italian Judicial Authority
(Schengen / National)
- permits entry for a short-term or long-term stay to an alien aged
fifteen years and above, provided that they have completed their compulsory
school education, and wish to practise a trade or profession as a
- the statement issued by the administration concerned attesting that
"there are no reasons to oppose the issue of authorisation or challenge
the qualifications" of the applicant; attestation regarding the references
issued by the Chamber of Commerce or the professional or trade association
as relevant; contract and certificate of registration in the company's
registry; declaration of liability issued by the competent Labour
Inspectorate; statement by the principal, guaranteeing that the person
will be paid above the minimum level provided for exemption from paying
part of health care costs; a copy of the last balance sheet deposited
with the Companies Register; evidence of available appropriate accommodation;
"Nulla Osta" (Clearance) from the competent "Questura".
- Statement issued personally to the alien concerned signifying consent
by the National Olympics Committee (in the event of a self-employed
athlete). A copy of the contract, with the notarised signature of
the manager; a statement of liability; a certificate of professional
qualification; the provisional "Nulla Osta" (Clearance) from the competent
"Questura"; appropriate accommodation (for self-employed performers).
employment (Schengen / National)
- permits an alien over the age of 15 years who has completed the
minimum compulsory schooling period, to enter for a short or long
stay, to take up paid employment
- autorisation for the alien to take up employment, dated within the
previous six months, issued by the competent Direzione Provinciale
del Lavoro - Servizio Politiche del Lavoro, complete with the "Nulla
Osta" from the local "Questura". Specific personal permission issued
by the National Olympic Committee (in the case of a salaried athlete).
Authorisation to work, dated within the previous six months, issued
by the Direzione Generale per l'Impiego, Segreteria Collocamento Spettacolo
(employed performers); documentation attesting the position or post
held by the alien; official request for entry visa
(Schengen / National)
- permits the alien to enter Italy for a short term or long term stay,
to occupy a government post, namely as a national civil servant, employee
with a public corporation or agency, or an international civil servant,
sent to Italy to perform a political, governmental or public function,
or a private citizen who, because of the importance of the work performed
and the purpose of the stay, may be considered to be of public utility
in terms of relations between their own State and Italy. A similar
visa may be issued to close family members living with the visa holder.
grounds (Schengen / National)
- permits alien clergymen who are already ordained priests or the
equivalent belonging to the denominations included in the list drawn
up by the Ministry of Home Affairs, to enter for a short term or long
term stay to perform their religious or pastoral work
- documentation attesting to their clerical status; documented guarantees
regarding the religious character of the event or the activities mentioned
as the grounds for requesting a visa; travel ticket; means of subsistence
or, in the event that these are guaranteed by a religious entity,
an appropriate statement to this effect issued by that entity
- granted only to aliens who are legally resident in Italy and are
momentarily and for contingent reasons without a stay permit (due
to theft, loss, etc.) and wish to re-enter Italy, or aliens whose
stay permit has expired (but not by more than 60 days);
- loss or theft report submitted to the local police authorities;
declaration by the alien confirming the right to continue a long stay
of choice (National)
- permits foreign nationals wishing to settle in Italy, and who are
able to maintain themselves independently without working
- documentation regarding the availability of a home to be chosen
for residential purposes; access to independent financial means which
can reasonably support continued residence in the future (large income,
pensions, allowances, ownership of real estate)
- permits entry into Italy to an alien for the purposes of a long
term stay to live with a relative who is an Italian national - or
a national of a European Union country, or a country signatory to
the Agreement on the European Economic Area - or with a foreign national
who has a visa for paid employment in Italy, or for self-employment,
study, or residence for religious reasons, of not less than one year,
on the conditions provide by Sections 28 and 29 of Law 286/1998
- the foreign national may request a visa for relatives as indicated
in Section 29 of Law 286/1998, by exhibiting the "Nulla Osta al Riconguiungimento
Familiare" (Family Reunion Clearance Certificate) issued by the local
"Questura" police station. A "Nulla Osta" is not required for a foreign
national who is a relative of an Italian citizen (or an EU or EEA
national): possession of the eligibility requirements must be certified
in this latter case by an affidavit
- permits an alien intending to attend university or vocational training
courses or study courses at recognised Institutes in Italy to enter
Italy for a short term or long term stay
- they must aged 14 years and over; documented guarantees must be
supplied relating to the course of study; access to the statutory
means of subsistence; an insurance policy to cover health care treatment.
For any study which requires the exercise of medical activities, it
is necessary for the Ministry of Health to issue a certificate beforehand
attesting to the person's qualifications to practise
transit visa (Schengen)
- this is only granted to nationals of countries given in Annex 3
of the CCI, and permits a foreign national to gain access to the international
area for transiting passengers in an airport during stopovers on an
international flights or flights, without entering the territory of
the contracting party issuing the visa;
- a valid passport or equivalent travel document, bearing, where necessary,
the entry visa for the country of final destination; an air ticket
or seat reservation
- permits the alien to transit through the territory in the Schengen
Area during the course of a journey from a third State to another
third State. This can only be granted if the alien has guaranteed
access to the State of final destination, and if transit is deemed
reasonably necessary through the territory of one of the contracting
- meeting the minimum eligibility for the issue of a short term tourist
visa; an entry visa for the country of final destination
- this permits aliens intending to go to Italy for a short period
or periods to perform a professional activity or trade connected with
the transport of goods or passengers, overland or by air (lorry drivers,
charter flight or private aircraft crews);
- documentation attesting to the professional qualification of the
applicant; documentation relating to the activities to be performed
during the stay for which the visa is requested
- permits aliens intending to enter Italy and other Schengen Area
countries for a short period for tourism purposes;
- adequate means of subsistence (credit cards, bank guarantees, insurance
policies, etc.) which shall not be less than the amount required by
law; return tickets (or booking); documented availability of accommodation
(hotel reservation, statement of hospitality, etc.); invitation letter
signed by an Italian or a legally resident foreign national in Italy
offering the applicant accommodation in Italy
holiday visa (National)
- permits entry for a long stay to aliens from countries with which
Italy has concluded specific agreements in this area
- the eligibility criteria and conditions for obtaining the visa depend
upon the provisions of the specific international agreements governing